Why Sri Nityanandha Prabhu broke the sanyasa Danda of Sri Caitanya?
Once Sri Nityanandha Prabhu broke the danda of Sri Caitanya Maha Prabhu. A sanyasi should always remain with sanyasa danda. If so, Why Nityanandha Prabhu did like that?
This is explained by Srila Prabhupada himself in Caitanya Caritamruta Madhya 5.142-143, Translation and Purport.
(Why Sri Caitanya Maha Prabhu said that chanting does not require initiation? READ HERE!)
This incident is explained here:
“When Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu went to the temple of Lord Siva known as Kapotesvara, Nityanandha Prabhu, who was keeping His sanyasa staff in custody, broke the staff in three parts and threw it into the river Bharginadi. Later this river became known as Danda-bhanga-nadi.”
Why Sri Nityanandha broke the dhanda has been explained in Purport:
“The mystery of the sannyāsa-daṇḍa (staff) of Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu has been explained by Śrīla Bhaktisiddhānta Sarasvatī Ṭhākura.
Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu accepted the order of sannyāsa from a Māyāvādī sannyāsī.
(How to chant 1 lakh Hari Nams a day as said by Sri Caitanya? How Haridas Thakkur chanted 3 lakh Hari Nams a day? READ HERE!)
The Māyāvādī sannyāsīs generally carry one staff, or daṇḍa. Taking advantage of Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu’s absence, Śrīla Nityānandha Prabhu broke the staff into three parts and threw it into the river later known as the Daṇḍa-bhāṅgā-nadī.
In the sannyāsa order there are four divisions—kuṭīcaka, bahūdaka, haṁsa and paramahaṁsa.
Only when the sannyāsī remains on the kuṭīcaka and bahūdaka platforms can he carry a staff.
However, when one is elevated to the status of haṁsa or paramahaṁsa, after touring and preaching the bhakti cult, he must give up the sannyāsa staff.
Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu is Śrī Kṛṣṇa, the Supreme Personality of Godhead.
(FIVE PRIMARY DUTIES OF A DEVOTEE RECOMMENDED BY SRI CAITANYA MAHA PRABHU! READ HERE!)
It is therefore said, śrī-kṛṣṇa-caitanya, rādhā-kṛṣṇa nahe anya:
“Two personalities—Śrīmatī Rādhārāṇī and Śrī Kṛṣṇa—are combined in the incarnation of Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu.”
Therefore, considering Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu to be an extraordinary person, Lord Nityānandha Prabhu did not wait for the paramahaṁsa stage.
He reasoned that the Supreme Personality of Godhead is automatically on the paramahaṁsa stage; therefore He does not need to carry the sannyāsa-daṇḍa.
This is the reason Śrī Nityānandha Prabhu broke the staff into three pieces and threw it into the water.”
(Sri Caitanya, Acharyas & Krishna devotees visiting Other Temples – Proofs! READ HERE!)