WHY PANDAVAS DID NOT GO TO VAIKUNTA or GOLOKA THOUGH KRISHNA WAS WITH THEM?
A devotee asked like this: “Today a question came to my mind. Krishna instructed Bhagavat Gita to Arjuna (dearest among all). But he did not secure salvation or went to Vaikunta or Goloka to join Krishna after death. Why?”
Yes. I too read in original Mahabharatha that Arjuna and other Pandavas, even Duryodhana went to heaven after they left the earth.
Krishna chose Arjuna to perform a task of establishing dharma and also to preach Bhagavad Gita. You ask why he did not take Arjuna and pandavas with Him though He gave Pandavas the opportunity to directly associate with Him. Even Yuthishtra, who was the symbol of dharma was not taken to Goloka or Vaikunta planets.
It is said that everyone who associates with Krishna will get liberated from material planets and be taken to the vaikunta planets. It did not happen here.
I too asked the same question to many seniors in my initial stage of practising devotion. Then, I also analyzed the ground situation in which Krishna came and performed lilas with Pandavas and I got the answer for that.
Pandavas and Kauravas were kshatriyas and they were fighting to establish their position of rulers.
Did Arjuna and Pandavas desert their desire to rule the country? No. They wanted to rule the country. Thus, they aimed for the position of king.
Though they fought for getting their share of lands, it is also a desire, of course, genuine desire for every kshatriya (protectors of country). A kshatriya should protect his country from enemies.
Though it is an assigned duty for kshatriyas, it also involves desire. When they rule, they have to enjoy the fruits and comforts as kings.
Any duty without enjoying the fruits elevate a person towards liberation. He will further adopt a devotional way of life detaching from material affairs. Hence they attain liberation and/ or a life in vaikunta planets.
Here, Pandavas fought as per the direction of Krishna and as a duty of a kshatriya. But, there is no record in Mahabharatha that they detached from material attachments. In other words, they ruled the country with all the comforts meant for kings.
Therefore, they were not detached. In fact, for the kings, it will be very difficult to detach from material affairs totally. A very few kings in records like Janaka followed the spiritual way of life seriously.
Pandavas fought for their country that is a material. They had all the comforts as kings. They followed dharma in ruling the country. Therefore, they were given a gift of heavenly life after death.
Let us consider the Pandavas won the country by following kshatriya dharma and after that deserted all the attachments with the country to serious penances. Then, they would have gone to vaikunta planets.
ONE’s STATUS AFTER DEATH:
Anyone who follows dharma and has some material attachments attain a life in heavenly planets. This is the rule.
Anyone who follows dharma and desert all material attachments attains mukthi. If the same person surrenders to Krishna after deserting material attachments and live a life with penances, he goes to vaikunta planets.
Another reason can be that Krishna wanted Pandavas to rule their country, get the fruits in heavenly life, after that take rebirth and serve the mankind. Hence, Krishna sent them to heavens.
It is the will of Krishna. That is why, I have been writing in my articles that we should not even pray to go back to Krishna. Because, Krishna may wish to further utilize our services in any planet.
In this way, Krishna might have wished to utilize the services of good souls Arjuna and Pandavas further after their life in heavens.
Hope you are clear.